This week’s guest post comes from the delightful Hal, from Hal and Steve English talking about the importance of games in the classroom.
There is a learning window, that is, a limit to how long students can maintain the focus required for language learning to occur. Games, aka activities, act as a way to expand that window of time in which language learning can occur. That being said, it may be true that teachers with little or no experience may use games in the classroom as a crutch for their inability to maintain that initial learning window as long as is necessary or desirable. However, what is entirely untrue, is that experienced and veteran teachers do not use games in the classroom. To the contrary, the only difference lies in maximizing the efficiency in how and to what degree they will employ those very same games and their understanding of why games are important. As they are especially useful in foreign language learning, let’s examine why games are important in the classroom within the context of ESL students and ESL teachers. As an ESL teacher you’ll know that there are aspects that are particularly important for you when you are at work in the classroom: effective or emotional aspects, creating an effective learning environment, cognitive aspects, and adaptability.
1. Affective Or Emotional Aspects
We’ve all dealt with this central issue. The student’s moods dictate their willingness to learn as well as how engaged they are in the learning process. ESL games in the classroom will help you trek through the emotional swamp of a classroom of youngsters by providing motivation, creating fun in the classroom, promoting spontaneous communication between the ESL students, and creating an environment in which the ESL students can speak and think in a free and creative manner.
Your ESL students require structure in the classroom, but at the same time, they can feel desperate to break away from the routine of language learning. Simply put, their motivation may not be aligned with yours, but rather in escaping it. That’s where ESL games in the classrooms come in. As an ESL teacher, one of your main roles is to align your student’s motivations with your task of language acquisition. ESL games motivate students to participate in the language learning task which you are trying to accomplish. Which brings me to my next point, one of the main reasons ESL games are so motivating in the classroom, besides being a break from their dreaded language learning routine, are the elements of fun they create.
Simply put, when students are having fun, you typically find that they are the most amenable to language learning. Let’s be frank – language learning is an exceedingly difficult task which can frustrate you as well as the students. The constant effort required to understand, produce and manipulate the target language can be completely overwhelming and hard to maintain. When you employ ESL games in the classroom which contain elements of fun it allows your students to feel that they are ‘taking a break’ from the difficult task of language learning to have some fun. As they are having fun, they are practicing their language skills and furthering your goal of language acquisition.
Communication & Creating An Effective Learning Environment
ESL games in the classroom also create an environment which fosters opportunities for the free-willing style of communication which ESL students require to communicate their emotions and connect emotionally to their peers. This is also why student-focused learning is so important. ESL students may feel limited in how and when they can communicate with you – their teacher. However, when you employ ESL games in the classroom ESL students are better able to practice what they have learned with their peers around them who are operating within the same framework as them. The learning environment which is created when students are autonomously and spontaneously producing and communicating the target language beyond your direction is one of the most recognizable instances of effective language learning. If you’ve ever witnessed it occur, you know it’s a sight to behold! Sit back, watch the language learning proliferate, give guidance, and take notice of what specific issues might be popping up for each of your students
Most ESL teachers know that ESL games in the classroom are an effective tool for reviewing the target language being learned, but that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Let’s dive a little deeper.
Esl games in the classroom not only review what you’ve been teaching your ESL students but also reinforce it (which can be all the difference when it comes to long-term retention). ESL games provide a task-oriented vehicle through which your students can use the language you have taught them to achieve their own communicative goals. In short, they end up reinforcing what you have taught them by internalizing it. You’ll be delighted to see your students not only regurgitating what you have taught them in a literal sense but also negotiating their way into communicating their own desired needs and results in the target language.
So let’s get back to the aforementioned notion of using ESL games for review. Using ESL games in the classroom as a tool for review is a given for most ESL teachers. However, what is more important to examine, is that there is a limit to how much new information learners can retain within a given time. ESL games are a key element which allows you to not only simply review, but to freely navigate around those limits of language learning, and review what your ESL students have already learned for the varying and sometimes dynamic amounts of time required as well as extend that learning into something new.
I have taught countless ESL students with a commanding understanding and repertoire of English grammar rules. However, I guess a fair amount of you who may be reading along here maybe be able to guess what I am going to say next. They can’t speak. At all. Grammar must be understood more intimately than as a set of rules or principles and must be familiar in a communicative sense. By using ESL games to learn the ESL teachers allows for one of the most important things to take place in language learning – for their students to bridge that which can be perceived as a daunting chasm between innumerable grammar rules and exceptions to those grammar rules and the simple task of communicating precisely and freely. In short, ESL games to learn are excellent tools for focusing on grammar communicatively.
Let’s not only be frank here but practical as well. Adaptability is a key aspect in the classroom, and your classes can fly or fall depending on how well you can adapt the ESL learning task or target language to your ESL students and how well you can adapt to the myriad of other factors you are facing in that particular day or class. ESL games to learn are adaptable in most every way including age, level, and interest. They also require little effort or prep time once have you developed them so that you can focus on adapting them in the ways that are needed for each class or student you encounter over time.
Any ESL teacher out their knows that the ESL job market differences from teaching in your native country and framework in several ways. One of those differences is that you may be teaching ESL adults one year and ESL kindy students the next. As an ESL teacher, you have to be ready to adapt to the current market and status of language learning occurring wherever in the wide wide world you may be teaching. Nearly all ESL games can be adapted in some way or manner to fit the level, age, or interests you may be teaching at the time. For instance, flashcards, which are the cornerstone of a large percentage of ESL games to learn are completely adaptable regardless of age. The same ESL flashcards which you may be using for teaching ESL kindy can be quite useful for ESL adult beginner students you might also be teaching.
Little Or No Prep
Once you have invested the time of creating an ESL game to learn resource you’ll find that you’ve freed up some time for yourself in future classes as well which will require the same target language as you cycle through the school years or alternate classes. As ESL teachers start to gain full command of our their time they are better able to employ ESL games to learn to maximize language acquisition. Furthermore, this frees up the ESL teacher to adapt their ESL game to learn resource to whichever of the four aspects of language they wish to focus or expand on whether it be speaking, reading, writing, or listening.
Hal of Halandsteve english here 🙂 I moved from the southern U.S to Korea 8 years ago to teach english. Making changes within the classroom didn’t seem to be significant enough, so I branched out of the classroom into materials and methodology along the way. These days I feel much more in my element! Feel free to contact me at
A free sample of our work 🙂